The year 2020 has forced many people to relook and discuss issues that are difficult. The reality is that we are facing a pandemic that threatens the life of anyone in the world. South Africa has conducted studies lately. Indeed,these study gave us a clear perception of the risk factors we are exposed upon conductiong COVID-19. Moreover, it helps to analyse how likely a patient can recover from the virus.
what increases your chances of dying from covid-19?
Some of the data is unique to South Africa, but most factors – including age and comorbidities – ring true throughout the global populace. A number of you will be familiar with these threats, but it could prove to be a steep learning curve for others.
On Sunday, we looked at what activities are most likely to increase your risk of catching COVID-19. Now, we’re looking specifically at comorbidities, illnesses, and personal circumstances:Five biggest risk-factors for dying of COVID-19
- Older age groups – starting with those aged 50 or over
People aged 50 or older are almost 10 times as likely to die from COVID-19 than otherwise healthy younger people, according to recently released figures from the Western Cape health department. Specifically, in the Western Cape, the strongest risk factor for COVID-19 death was older age.
- Hypertension, High Blood Pressure and Diabetes
According to the National Institute for Occupational Health, these are the most common underlying conditions found amongst COVID-19 patients. The mortality rates are higher amongst these patients than any others.
- Chronic cardiac and renal diseases
Patients with coronary heart disease can be much more likely to succumb to COVID-19, and those who have experienced kidney failure or similar conditions also have a slightly higher chance of dying from the virus.
HIV raises the risk of death from COVID-19. Studies from the Western Cape show that 8% of deaths from COVID-19 in the province are attributable to HIV.
Obesity, while not consistently recorded for all reported COVID-19 fatalities, was noted by clinicians as a risk factor by the NICD. The chances of this hospitalising someone who catches the disease also rises.
On the flip side – behold the oddities of youth
- Children without comorbidities are, statistically speaking, the group least like to die from COVID-19.
- Young children made up less than 7% of all reported Covid-19 cases in South Africa and are less likely to be admitted to the Intensive Care Unit or die when compared to adults.
- Those aged between 5-18 years experience more mild symptoms. They are generally at a ‘lower-risk’ of catching the disease.