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COVID19: The five biggest factors that increase your risk of dying

The year 2020 has forced many people to relook and discuss issues that are difficult. The reality is that we are facing a pandemic that threatens the life of anyone in the world. South Africa has conducted studies lately. Indeed,these study gave us a clear perception of the risk factors we are exposed upon conductiong COVID-19. Moreover, it helps to analyse how likely a patient can recover from the virus.

what increases your chances of dying from covid-19?

Some of the data is unique to South Africa, but most factors – including age and comorbidities – ring true throughout the global populace. A number of you will be familiar with these threats, but it could prove to be a steep learning curve for others.

On Sunday, we looked at what activities are most likely to increase your risk of catching COVID-19. Now, we’re looking specifically at comorbidities, illnesses, and personal circumstances:Five biggest risk-factors for dying of COVID-19

  • Older age groups – starting with those aged 50 or over

People aged 50 or older are almost 10 times as likely to die from COVID-19 than otherwise healthy younger people, according to recently released figures from the Western Cape health department. Specifically, in the Western Cape, the strongest risk factor for COVID-19 death was older age.

  • Hypertension, High Blood Pressure and Diabetes

According to the National Institute for Occupational Health, these are the most common underlying conditions found amongst COVID-19 patients. The mortality rates are higher amongst these patients than any others.

  • Chronic cardiac and renal diseases

Patients with coronary heart disease can be much more likely to succumb to COVID-19, and those who have experienced kidney failure or similar conditions also have a slightly higher chance of dying from the virus.

HIV raises the risk of death from COVID-19. Studies from the Western Cape show that 8% of deaths from COVID-19 in the province are attributable to HIV.

Obesity, while not consistently recorded for all reported COVID-19 fatalities, was noted by clinicians as a risk factor by the NICD. The chances of this hospitalising someone who catches the disease also rises.

On the flip side – behold the oddities of youth

  • Children without comorbidities are, statistically speaking, the group least like to die from COVID-19.
  • Young children made up less than 7% of all reported Covid-19 cases in South Africa and are less likely to be admitted to the Intensive Care Unit or die when compared to adults.
  • Those aged between 5-18 years experience more mild symptoms. They are generally at a ‘lower-risk’ of catching the disease.

 

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